This chapter describes all the menu items of Little Navmap. You will find most of this functionality on the toolbars as well which are not be described separately. Key combinations can be seen on the menu items and are not listed in this manual.

Little Navmap Menu and Toolbars

Picture above: Menu and toolbars docked in default positions.

File Menu

New Flight Plan New Flight Plan

Erases the current flight plan.

You have to use the Search Result Table View Context Menu, the Map Context Menu or the Flight Plan Route Description dialog to create a flight plan.

Open Flight Plan Open Flight Plan

Opens a Flight Simulator PLN file. FS9 flight plan files are not supported.

An opened flight plan file will be reloaded on start up (reload and centering can be switched off in the Options dialog on the Startup and User Interface tab).

Procedures and speed will be added to the flight plan if the file was saved by Little Navmap and contained any procedure annotations.

Append flight plan Append Flight Plan

Adds departure, destination and all waypoints to the current flight plan.

Using Append Flight Plan allows to load or merge complete flight plans or flight plan snippets into a new plan. All waypoints are added at the end of the current flight plan. Then you can use the Delete selected Legs and Move selected Legs up/down context menu items to arrange the waypoints and airports as required. See Flight Plan Table View Context Menu.

All arrival procedures will be removed when appending a flight plan.

Save Flight Plan Save Flight Plan

Save Flight Plan as Save Flight Plan as

Saves the flight plan to a FSX/P3D PLN file (XML format).

Little Navmap will allow flight plans to be created that may be useful as a flight plan snippet but are unusable by the flight simulator. This occurs if a flight plan does not have a departure or destination airport and a warning dialog will be shown when saving the flight plan.

A warning dialog will also be shown if the departure airport has parking positions but none is assigned in the flight plan.

Procedures will be saved as an annotation in the flight plan file if the flight plan contains any. This causes no problem for the simulators and most other programs. Use the Export clean Flight Plan ... if a program has problems reading the PLN-files saved by Little Navmap.

Note that the waypoints of a procedure are not saved with the flight plan. This is not supported by FSX or P3D. Use the GPS, FMC or other ways to select a procedure in your aircraft.

The set ground speed is also saved with the flight plan.

Export clean Flight Plan Export clean Flight Plan

Saves a flight plan without any procedure or speed annotations if programs have problems reading the PLN-files saved by Little Navmap. This is rarely needed.

Export Flight Plan as GPX Export Flight Plan as GPX

Exports the current flight plan into a GPS Exchange Format file which can be read by Google Earth and most other GIS applications.

The flight plan is exported as a route and the flown aircraft trail as a track including simulator time and altitude.

Procedures or their respective waypoints are not included in the exported route.

Save Flight Plan as GFP Save Flight Plan as GFP

Exports the flight plan in GFP format used by the Flight1 GTN 650/750.

Procedures or their respective waypoints are not included in the exported file.

Note that any missing waypoints will be displayed as locked in the unit which will happen
more often if the AIRAC cycles do not match between Little Navmap and the GTN.

It is easy to remove locked waypoints within the GTN to enable the flight plan to be activated. Refer to the documentation for the Flight1 GTN 650/750.

The default directory to save the flight plans for the GTN units is
C:\Program Files (x86)\Lockheed Martin\Prepar3D v3\F1TGTN\FPL. You might need to change the user
privileges on this directory if your saved flight plans do not show up in the GTN. Give yourself full control on this directory to avoid this.

Export Flight Plan as RTE Export Flight Plan as RTE

Exports the current flight plan as a PMDG RTE file.

Procedures or their respective waypoints are not included in the exported file.

Export Flight Plan as FLP Export Flight Plan as FLP

Exports the current flight plan as a FLP file usable by the Aerosoft Airbus.

Procedures or their respective waypoints are not included in the exported file.

Export Flight Plan as FMS Export Flight Plan as FMS

Exports the flight plan as a X-Plane FMS file.

Procedures or their respective waypoints are not included in the exported file.

Add Google Earth KML Add Google Earth KML

Allows addition of one or more Google Earth KML or KMZ files to the map display. All added KML or KMZ files will be reloaded on start up. Reload and centering can be switched off in the Options dialog on the Startup and User Interface tab.

Due to the variety of KML files it is not guaranteed that all files will show up properly on the map.

Clear Google Earth KML from Map Clear Google Earth KML from Map

Removes all loaded KML files from the map.

Offline Work Offline

Stops loading of map data from the Internet. This affects the OpenStreetMap, OpenTopoMap and all the other online map themes as well as the elevation data.
A red Offline. indication is shown in the status bar if this mode is enabled.

You should restart the application after going online again.

Save Map as Image Save Map as Image

Saves the current map view as an image file. Allowed formats are JPEG, PNG and BMP.

Allows to print the current map view. See Printing the Map for more information.

Opens a print dialog that allows you to select flight plan related information to be printed. See Map Flight Plan Printing for more information.

Quit Quit

Exits the application. Will ask for confirmation if there is a changed flight plan.

Flight Plan Menu

UndoRedo Undo/Redo

Allows undo and redo of tall flight plan changes.

Select a Start Position for Departure Select a Start Position for Departure

A parking spot (gate, ramp or fuel box), runway or helipad can be selected as a start position at the departure airport. A parking position can also be selected in the map context menu item Set as Flight Plan Departure when right clicking on a parking position. If no position is selected the longest primary runway end is selected automatically as start.

Select Start Position Dialog

Picture above: The start position selection dialog for EDDN.

Edit Flight Plan on Map Edit Flight Plan on Map

Toggles the flight plan drag and drop edit mode on the map. See Flight Plan Editing.

New Flight Plan from Route Description New Flight Plan from Route Description

Opens a dialog with the route description of the current flight plan that also allows to modify the current flight plan or enter a new one.
Flight Plan from Route Description gives more information about this topic.

Copy Flight Plan Route to Clipboard Copy Flight Plan Route to Clipboard

Copies the route description of the current flight plan to the clipboard.
See here for more information.

Calculate Direct Calculate Direct

Deletes all intermediate waypoints and connects departure and destination using a great circle line.

You can calculate a flight plan between any kind of waypoints, even user defined waypoints (right click on the map and select Add Position to Flight plan to create one). This allows the creation of snippets that can be merged into flight plans. For example you can use this feature for crossing the North Atlantic with varying departures and destinations. This applies to all flight plan calculation modes.

Calculate Radionav Calculate Radionav

Creates a flight plan that uses only VOR and NDB stations as waypoints and tries to ensure reception of at least one station along the whole flight plan. Note that VOR stations are preferred before NDB and DME only stations are avoided if possible. Calculation will fail if not enough radio navaids can be found between departure and destination. Build the flight plan manually if this is the case.

This calculation can also be used to create a flight plan snippet between any kind of waypoint.

Calculate high Altitude Calculate high Altitude

Uses Jet airways to create a flight plan.

The resulting minimum altitude is set into the flight plan altitude field. The flight plan altitude field is not changed if no altitude restrictions were found along the flight plan.

A simplified east/west rule is used to adjust the cruise altitude to odd/even values (this can be switched off in the Options dialog on the Flight Plan tab).

The default behavior is to jump from the departure airport to the next waypoint of a suitable airway and vice versa for the destination. This can be changed in Options dialog on the Flight Plan tab if VOR or NDB stations are preferred as transition points to airways.

The airway network of Flight Simulator is not complete (the north Atlantic tracks are missing for example - these change daily), therefore calculation across large ocean areas can fail.

Create the airway manually as a workaround or use an online planning tool to obtain a "route string" and use the New Flight Plan from String option to create the flight plan.

This calculation can also be used to create a flight plan snippet between any kind of waypoint.

Calculate low Altitude Calculate low Altitude

Uses Victor airways to create a flight plan. Everything else is the same as in Calculate high Altitude.

Calculate based on given Altitude Calculate based on given Altitude

Use the value in the altitude field of the flight plan to find a flight plan along Victor and/or Jet airways. Calculation will fail if the altitude value is too low. Everything else is the same as in Calculate high Altitude.

Reverse Flight Plan Reverse Flight Plan

Swaps departure and destination and reverses order of all intermediate waypoints. A default runway is assigned for the new departure start position.

Adjust Flight Plan Altitude Adjust Flight Plan Altitude

Changes the flight plan altitude according to a simplified East/West rule and the current route type (IFR or VFR). Rounds the altitude up to the nearest even 1000 feet (or meter) for westerly flight plans or odd 1000 feet (or meter) for easterly flight plans. Adds 500 feet for VFR flight plans.

Map Menu

Goto Home Goto Home

Goes to the home area that was set using Set Home using the saved position and zoom distance. The center of the home area is highlighted by a Home Symbol symbol.

Go to the center point used for distance searches. See Set Center for Distance Search.The center for the distance search is highlighted by a Distance Search Symbol symbol.

Center Flight Plan Center Flight Plan

Zooms out the map (if required) to display the whole flight plan on the map.

Center Aircraft Center Aircraft

Zooms to the user aircraft if directly connected to a flight simulator or remotely connected using Little Navconnect and keeps the aircraft centered on the map.

The centering of the aircraft can be changed in the Options dialog on the Simulator Aircraft tab.

Reset Display Settings Reset Display Settings

Resets all map display settings back to default.

By Reset Affected Settings

Picture above: All setting tool buttons highlighted that are affected by Reset Display Settings.

Delete Aircraft Trail Delete Aircraft Trail

Removes the user aircraft trail. It is also deleted when connecting to a flight simulator. The trail is saved and will be reloaded on program startup.

Map Position BackMap Position Forward Map Position Back/Forward

Jumps forward or backward in the map position history. The complete history is saved and restored when starting Little Navmap.

Details

More Details More Details
Default Details Default Details
Less Details Less Details

Increases or decreases details on the map. More details means more airports, more navaids, more text information and bigger icons.

Note that map information will be truncated if too much detail is chosen. A red warning message will be shown in the statusbar if this is the case.

The detail level is shown in the statusbar. Range is -5 for few details to +5 for most details.

Projection

Mercator

A flat projection that gives the most fluid movement and the sharpest map when using picture tile based online maps themes like OpenStreetMap or OpenTopoMap.

Spherical

Shows earth as a globe which is the most natural projection. Movement can stutter slightly when using the picture tile based online maps themes like OpenStreetMap or OpenTopoMap. Use the Simple, Plain or Atlas map themes to prevent this.

Online maps can appear slightly blurred when using this projection. This is a result from converting the flat image tiles to the spherical display.

Little Navmap Spherical projection and Simple Map Theme

Picture above: Spherical map projection with Simple offline map theme selected.

Theme

Please note that all the online maps are delivered from free services therefore fast download speeds and high availability cannot be guaranteed. In any case it is easy to deliver and install a new online map source without creating a new Little Navmap release. See Creating or adding Map Themes for more information.

OpenStreetMap

This is an online raster (i.e. based on images) map that includes a hill shading option. Note that the OpenStreetMap hill shading does not cover the whole globe.

OpenStreetMap and Hill shading

Picture above: View at an Italian airport using OpenStreetMap theme and hill shading.

OpenMapSurfer

The OSM Roads layer provided by Heidelberg University. This theme includes optional hill shading which is available worldwide.

Note that the hill shading option of this map is marked experimental.

Map data for this map is provided by © OpenStreetMap contributors, rendering by GIScience Research Group @ Heidelberg University and map styling by Maxim Rylov.

SRTM; ASTER GDEM is a product of METI and NASA.

OSM Roads and Hill shading

Picture above: View at an Italian airport using the OpenMapSurfer theme and hill shading.

OpenTopoMap

An online raster map that mimics a topographic map. Includes hill shading and elevation contour lines at lower zoom distances.

The tiles for this map are provided by OpenTopoMap.

OpenTopoMap

Picture above: View at the eastern Alps using OpenTopoMap theme. A flight plan is shown north of the Alps.

Stamen Terrain

A terrain map featuring hill shading and natural vegetation colors. The hill shading is available worldwide.

Map tiles by Stamen Design, under CC BY 3.0. Data by OpenStreetMap, under ODbL.

Stamen Terrain

Picture above: View showing Stamen Terrain theme.

CARTO Light (New in version 1.4.4)

A very bright map called Positron which allows to concentrate on the aviation features on the map display. The map includes the same hill shading option as the OpenStreetMap.

Map tiles and style by CARTO. Data by OpenStreetMap, under ODbL.

CARTO Dark (New in version 1.4.4)

A dark map called Dark Matter. The map includes the same hill shading option as the OpenStreetMap.

Map tiles and style by CARTO. Data by OpenStreetMap, under ODbL.

Simple (Offline)

This is a political map using colored country polygons. Boundaries and water bodies are depicted coarse. The map included in Little Navmap has an option to display city and country names.

Plain (Offline)

A very simple map. The map included in Little Navmap has an option to display city and country names. Boundaries and water bodies are depicted coarse.

Atlas (Offline)

A very simple map including coarse hill shading and land colors. The map included in Little Navmap has an option to display city and country names. Boundaries and water bodies are depicted coarse.

Airspaces

Show Airspaces Show Airspaces

Allows to enable or disable the display of all airspaces with one click. Use the menu items below this one or the toolbar buttons to display or hide the various airspace types.

The airspaces toolbar contains buttons each having a drop down menu that allows to configure the airspace display like showing or hiding certain airspace types. Each drop down menu also has a All and None entry to check or deselect all types in the menu.

ICAO Airspaces ICAO Airspaces

Allows selection of Class A to Class E airspaces.

FIR Airspaces FIR Airspaces

Allows selection of the Class F and Class G airspaces or flight information regions.

Restricted Airspaces Restricted Airspaces

Show or hide MOA (military operations area), restricted, prohibited and danger airspaces.

Special Airspaces Special Airspaces

Show or hide warning, alert and training airspaces.

Other Airspaces Other Airspaces

Show or hide center, tower, mode C and other airspaces.

Airspace Altitude Limitations Airspace Altitude Limitations

Allows filtering of the airspace display by altitude. Either below or above 10,000 ft or 18,000 ft or only airspaces intersecting with the flight plan altitude.

Force Show Addon Airports Force Show Addon Airports

Add-on airports are always shown independent of the other airport map settings if this option is selected. This allows viewing only add-on airports by checking this option and disabling the display of hard, soft and empty airports.

Show Airports with hard Runways Show Airports with hard Runways

Show airports that have at least one runway with a hard surface.

Show Airports with soft Runways Show Airports with soft Runways

Show airports that have only soft surfaced runways or only water runways. This type of airport might be hidden on the map depending on zoom distance.

Show empty Airports Show empty Airports

Shows empty airports. This button or menu item might not be visible depending on settings in the Options dialog on the Map Display tab. The status of this button is combined with the other airport buttons. This means, for example: You have to enable soft surfaced airport display and empty airports to see empty airports having only soft runways.

An empty airport is defined as one which has neither parking nor taxiways nor aprons and is not an add-on. These airports are treated differently in Little Navmap since they are the most boring of all default airports. Empty airports are drawn gray and behind all other airports on the map.

Airports having only water runways are excluded from this definition to avoid unintentional hiding.

Show VOR Stations Show VOR Stations

Show NDB Stations Show NDB Stations

Show Waypoints Show Waypoints

Show ILS Feathers Show ILS Feathers

Show Jet Airways Show Jet Airways

Show Victor Airways Show Victor Airways

Shows or hides these facilities or navaids on the map. Navaids might be hidden on the map depending on zoom distance.

Show Flight Plan Show Flight Plan

Shows or hides the flight plan. The flight plan is shown independent of the zoom distance.

Show Missed Approaches Show Missed Approaches

Shows of hides the missed approaches of the current flight plan. This does not affect the preview in the search tab Procedures.

Note that this function changes the active flight plan leg sequencing: Sequencing the active leg will stop if the destination is reached and missed approaches are not displayed. Otherwise sequencing will continue with the missed approach and the simulator aircraft progress will show the remaining distance to the end of the missed instead.

Show Aircraft Show Aircraft

Shows the user aircraft and keeps it centered on them map if connected to the simulator. The user aircraft is always shown independent of the zoom distance.

A click on the user aircraft shows more information in the Simulator Aircraft dock window.

The aircraft centering will be switched off when using one of the following functions:

  • Double click into a table view or map display to zoom to an airport or a navaid.
  • Context menu item Show on map.
  • Goto Home or Goto Center for Distance Search.
  • Map link in Information dock window.
  • Show Flight Plan. Either manually in a menu item or after loading.
  • Centering a Google Earth KML/KMZ file after loading

This allows a quick inspection of an airport or navaid during flight. To display the aircraft again use Map Position Back and enable Show Aircraft again.

Show Aircraft Trail Show Aircraft Trail

Shows the user aircraft trail. The trail is always shown independent of the zoom distance. It is saved and will be reloaded on program startup.

The trail is deleted when connecting to a flight simulator or it can be deleted manually by selecting Main Menu -> Map -> Delete Aircraft Trail. The trail is also deleted when the user aircraft jumps over large distance when assigning a new airport, for example.

The size of the trail is limited for performance reasons. Points will be removed from the beginning when it gets too long.

Show AI and Multiplayer Aircraft Show AI and Multiplayer Ships Show AI and Multiplayer Aircraft or Ships

Shows AI and multiplayer aircraft or ships on the map. Multiplayer vehicles can be displayed from e.g. FSCloud, VATSIM or Steam sessions.

A click on the AI aircraft or ship shows more information in the Simulator Aircraft dock window in the tab AI / Multiplayer.

Note that the displayed vehicles are limited by the multiplayer system used. Multiplayer aircraft will disappear depending on distance to user aircraft. For flight simulator AI this is currently about 100 nautical miles or around 200 kilometers.

Smaller ships are only generated by the simulator within a small radius around the user aircraft.

Little Navmap limits the display of AI vehicles depending on size. Zoom close to see small aircraft or boats.

Show Map Grid Show Map Grid

Shows a latitude/longitude grid as well as the meridian and anti meridian (near the date line) on the map.

Show Country and City Names Show Country and City Names

Show county, city and other points of interest. Availability of these options depends on the selected map theme. See Theme.

Show Hillshading Show Hillshading

Shows hill shading on the map. Availability of these options depends on the selected map theme. See Theme.

Scenery Library Menu

Flight Simulators

One menu item is created for each Flight Simulator installation or database found. These menu items allow switching of databases on the fly. The menu item is hidden if only one Flight Simulator was found.

This menu is synchronized with simulator selection in the Load Scenery Library Dialog. Once a database is successfully loaded, the display, flight plan and search will switch over to the newly loaded simulator data.

Show Database Files

This opens Little Navmap's database directory in a file manager. See Running without Flight Simulator Installation for more information on copying database files between different computers. This allows Little Navmap to be run on a remote computer (e.g. Windows, Mac or Linux) using the same database that was created on the computer running the flight simulator.

Load Scenery Library Load Scenery Library

Opens the Load Scenery Library dialog. See Load Scenery Library Dialog for more information. This menu item is disabled if no flight simulator installations are found.

Tools Menu

Flight Simulator Connection Flight Simulator Connection

Opens the Connect dialog allowing Little Navmap to be connected directly to a Flight Simulator or remotely connected using the Little Navconnect agent. See Connecting to a Flight Simulator for more information.

Reset all Messages

This will re-enable all dialogues that were disabled by selecting Do not show this dialog again or similar messages.

Options Options

Opens the Options dialog.

Window Menu

Map Overlays

Allows hiding of the floating map overlays, like the overview on the top left or the compass on the top right corner of the map window.

Flight Plan Flight Plan

Information Information

Flight Plan Elevation Profile Flight Plan Elevation Profile

Simulator Aircraft Simulator Aircraft

Legend Legend

Opens or closes these dock windows. The map dock window cannot be closed.

Main Toolbar, Map Toolbar, Map Airspaces Toolbar, Map Options Toolbar, Flight Plan Toolbar, Dock Window Toolbar, Statusbar

Shows or hides these toolbars and the statusbar.

Reset Window Layout

Resets the main window layout back to default. This involves visibility, position and state of all dock windows. This function can be helpful if a dock window gets lost on multi monitor setups.

Help Menu

Contents \(Online\) Contents (Online)

Shows the online user manual in the default web browser.

Contents \(Offline, PDF\) Contents (Offline, PDF)

Shows the included PDF user manual in the default PDF viewer.

Shows the navigation related map legend in the Legend dock window. You can also access the legend here: Navmap Legend.

Shows the map theme dependent base legend in the Legend dock window. Note that the legend is not available for all map themes.

About Little Navmap About Little Navmap

Shows version and revision number for Little Navmap, also contains links to the database directory, configuration file, log file and the author's e-mail address.

About Marble About Marble

Information about the Marble widget that is used to download and show the maps.

About Marble About Qt

Information about the Qt application framework that is used by Little Navmap.

Statusbar

The statusbar shows various indications (from left to right):

  • Last action or short help to explain a menu item or toolbar button.
  • Indicator that shows airport types, airspaces, navaids or AI vehicles currently visible on the map. The tooltip gives more details. A red warning message will be shown here if too many objects are displayed on the map due to too high a detail level.
  • Connection status for a local or remote connection. The tooltip gives more details about the status like the hostname for remote connections.
    • Connecting...: The program is trying to establish a connection which was initiated either manually or automatically.
    • Connected: A connection was established.
    • Disconnected: The simulator or Little Navconnect exited.
  • Map detail level. Range is -5 for few details to +5 for most details.
  • Online map download progress indicator. This shows the state of the current map download. The text is prefixed with a red Offline. indication if offline mode is enabled.
    • Done.: All map data loaded successfully.
    • Waiting for Data ...: Map data is missing in the cache and was requested. Now waiting for reply.
    • Waiting for Update ...: Map data is already loaded but expired after two weeks. Waiting for new data after requesting an update.
    • Incomplete.: Download failed.Note that the progress indicator can look like it is stuck in the message Waiting for Data ... if no hill shading is available for a OpenStreetMap region.
  • Zoom distance (viewpoint to earth surface) in nautical miles or kilometers.
  • Cursor position on map in degrees/minutes/seconds or decimal degrees latitude and longitude depending on selected unit in the dialog Options. Also shows the ground elevation below the cursor after a short delay if the GLOBE offline elevation data is selected.

Statusbar

Picture above: Status bar with message about the last action on the left side (Options changed.), the connection status and a tooltip that indicates what is currently shown on the map. All map features are shown. The map detail level is unchanged and the map coordinates are shown on the bottom right. Altitude at cursor is shown too since offline elevation data is installed. The online map download progress indicator shows Done. indicating all map tiles were downloaded. Zoom distance is 7.8 nautical miles.

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